Understanding Family Demographic Processes & In-Work Poverty in Europe

How Marriage, Parenthood, and Divorce Affect the Risk of In-work Poverty across the Life Course

Marriage, parenthood, and divorce can affect the risk of in-work poverty.

Marriage, parenthood, and divorce can affect the risk of in-work poverty.
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This project analyses the role of family demographic processes (leaving parental home, marriage, divorce, and parenthood) for the probability of being working poor and how it changes over the life course.

Prof. Dr. Johannes Giesecke, Berliner Institut für empirische Integrations- und Migrationsforschung, Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin

Prof. Dr. Johannes Giesecke, Berliner Institut für empirische Integrations- und Migrationsforschung, Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin
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Prof. Dr. Christiaan Monden, Nuffield College, University of Oxford

Prof. Dr. Christiaan Monden, Nuffield College, University of Oxford
Image Credit: Bright Lens_Kinga Lubowiecka

The research outputs will make at least three innovative contributions to understanding family demographic processes and in-work poverty in Europe.

First, the researchers will undertake a systematic review of the family-related risk factors for in-work poverty.

Second, they will analyse how the association between family demographic processes and in-work poverty varies across the life course and by gender across western democracies using CNEF data. As an example, they will address the crucial questions on whether entering parenthood and experiencing divorce increase the risk of in-work poverty and whether these associations strengthen or weaken as individuals grow older.

Finally, they will study the association between family demographic processes and in-work poverty comparing two countries, Germany and the UK, where welfare measures against poverty differ greatly.

Dr. Emanuela Struffolino, Institut für Sozialwissenschaften, Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin

Dr. Emanuela Struffolino, Institut für Sozialwissenschaften, Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin
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Dr. Zachary Van Winkle, Department of Sociology, University of Oxford

Dr. Zachary Van Winkle, Department of Sociology, University of Oxford
Image Credit: Bright Lens - Kinga Lubowiecka

This two-country comparison will illuminate whether targeted benefits programs in the UK ameliorate the negative impact of entering parenthood on in-work poverty or whether unconditional family allowances in Germany are more effective. The empirical component will be augmented by a workshop that brings together experts on German and UK family, labour, and social policy and its relationship to social inequalities.The research outputs will make at least three innovative contributions to understanding family demographic processes and in-work poverty in Europe.

Applicants: Prof. Christiaan Monden (University of Oxford), Dr. Zachary van Winkle (University of Oxford), Prof. Dr. Johannes Giesecke (Humboldt-Universität), Dr. Emanuela Struffolino (Humboldt-Universität)